Injuries are the fourth-leading cause of death in the United States and affect everyone, regardless of the color of your skin, your gender, or economic status. Furthermore, injuries are the leading cause of death for individuals under the age of 45. Motor vehicle crashes and fire injuries represent the two major causes of trauma and death. Drowning, falls, and poisoning represent other common causes of trauma.
To help stem the affect of injuries, trauma response care today is all about the initial management employed by paramedics in the field, followed by flight nurses or emergency physicians. As a result, injury management continues to develop at a fast pace with the advent of new technologies to help provide the healthcare community with the ability to make more precise diagnoses.
What’s most important in having effective trauma car is employing certain protocols for trauma response, such as rapid airway assessment and management, control of bleeding, and maintaining cardiovascular stability. Treatment needs to continue when the patient arrives in the trauma bay of the hospital’s emergency area. Fast, organized response that adheres to Advance Trauma Support (ATLS) guidelines is critical in deciding whether other life-saving interventions are needed.
One the patient leaves the emergency area to a dedicated trauma intensive care unit, he or she will either be stabilized or undergo surgery. Here, ATLS guidelines are also key in patient care and having positive outcomes.